Essay on muhammad bin qasim

Walid bin Abdul Malik died and was succeeded by his younger brother Suleman as the Caliph.

This approach would prove critical to the way Muslim rulers ruled in India over the next centuries. His leadership was also quite inefficient. Under such circumstances, the defeat of the army of Sindh was inevitable against the Arabs.

He even left their shrines undesecrated: He gave facilities to Brahmans and appointed them on high posts in the administration. The army that eventually captured Sindh would later be swelled by the Gurjars and Meds as well as other irregulars that heard of successes in Sindh.

Muhammad bin Qasim

He established peace and order as well as a good administrative structure in the areas he conquered. Qasim was later arrested under the orders of the caliph by the successor governor of Sindh, Yazid ibn Kabsha as-Sasaki, who worked under the new governor of Iraq, Yazid ibn al-Muhallaband the new fiscal manager, Salih ibn Abd ar-Rahman.

He made no efforts to strengthen his navy nor did he try to establish communal harmony among his subjects. Arnold and modern Muslim historians such as Habib and Qureishi.

Their mutual conflicts and religious differences ultimately proved fatal for their own existence. He used both his mind and military skills in capturing places like Daibul, Raor, Uch and Multan. Besides being a great general, Muhammad bin Qasim was also an excellent administrator.

The geographical condition of Sindh also contributed to the success of the Arabs. People were dissatisfied with them and they had no interest in the politics of the country. Superior military equipment; such as siege engines and the Mongol bow.

Mohammad Bin Qasim

Qasim was known about the animosity between Suleman and Hajjaj. The political unity in Sindh was nowhere visible and the province of Sindh was divided into many principalities. Mansurah was the capital of the Soomra Dynasty. Disaffection and treachery, without doubt, were important causes of the fall of Sindh.

Those who stuck to their old religions erected statues in his honor and started worshiping him after his departure from their land. Hence the Arabs achieved success against Sindh. The life of most of the people was full of troubles. All these principalities were having no unity due to mutual jealousies and conflicts.

Hajjaj had put more care and planning into this campaign than the second campaign [6] under Badil bin Tuhfa. He had great respect for other religions. Although he was quite brave yet he had no foresight. The war strategy of king Dahir was also faulty, hence defeat was inevitable.

Essay on the Causes of Success of the Arabs’s Invasion of Sindh

He compelled them to agree to only carry sham swords, to wear no undergarments of shawl, velvet or silk; only wear silk outer garments provided they were red or black in color, to put no saddles on their horses, to take their dogs when they went out, to furnish guides and spies and carry firewood for the royal kitchen.

He was a kind hearted and religious person. Sindh was situated in far west region of India. He sent heavy and well armed army under the command of Mohammad Bin Qasim. Thus he achieved victory against Sindh by his own merits. However, further gains were halted by Hindu kingdoms during the Caliphate campaigns in India.

Suleman was an enemy of Hajjaj and thus ordered Qasim back to the kingdom.

At that time Hajjaj decided to invade Sindh. Although he was a lad of seventeen years, he had valour and courage in him. As a result of his efforts, he succeeded in capturing Daibul.

Hence they prepared themselves to sacrifice their everything for achieving either of the two motives; whereas their early failure disheartened the Indian army, and their morale fell. They were satisfied with the notion that they would spread Islam in case of their victory and would go to heaven even if they died fighting this religious war.

Mohammad Bin Qasim was known for his obedience, but he was unaware of the tragic end. Salih, whose brother was executed by Hajjaj, tortured Qasim and his relatives to death. Now Muslims were the masters of whole Sindh and a part of Punjab up to the borders of Kashmir in the north.Ammad-ud-Din Muhammad Bin Qasim was a renowned general of Umayyad who conquered Sindh.

He was also the Nephew of Hajjaj Bin Yousaf. When Muhamad-Bin-Qasaim invaded Sindh and introduced Islam, he was only 17 years old. He is considered as a hero and worrier of Islam in the sub-continent.

Sindh is also called Bab-ul-Islam because he [ ]. - Muhammad And The Beginnings Of Islam Muhammad, whose full name was Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim, was born in Mecca around AD after the death of his father, 'Abd Allah.

Free Essays on Muhammad Bin Qasim Essay. Get help with your writing. 1 through Muhammad bin Qasim leading his troops in battle. Qasim was also an excellent administrator. He established peace and order as well as a good administrative structure in the areas he conquered.

Mohammad Bin Qasim, the soldier of Islam, established peace and took first step to install Muslim Society in the Sub-continent. The local population was so impressed by his justice, leniency and fair-play of the Muslims that when Muhammad Bin Qasim and later Umayyad Caliph Umer Bin Abdul Aziz invited the people to accept Islam, the response was.

In this term paper I have discussed Muhammad Bin Qasim’s entire campaign of invading South Asia one of history’s major landmarks in changing the shape of the world making it as it is today.

The following points are discussed in the term paper.

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Essay on muhammad bin qasim
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